Population number. Nilgiri martens are omnivorous and prey on birds, small mammals, and insects such as cicadas. Nilgiri Marten on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nilgiri_marten, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/12847/86161239. Lion tailed macaque, Nilgiri marten and Nilgiri tahr . They are distributed from the Travancore Kerala, Nilgiris, Kodagu north up to the Charmadi ghats, Karnataka. Nilgiri Marten. In a new study, a group of Kerala-based scientists studied the Nilgiri Marten in its natural habitat in the Pampadum Shola National Park. The livestock population inside the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is very low but the population in the periphery is very high. Destruction of the sholas has led to disappearance of perennial streams, causing soil erosion and micro climatic changes. Though not much studies were undertaken on Nilgiri marten, it … They are deep brown from head to rump, with the forequarters being almost reddish. 0. They also occur in tea, acacia, coffee, cardamom, and wattle plantations. These animals also suffer from persecution because they often destruct bees-box contents. 2. Saju, wildlife warden of the Eravikulam National Park, who is in charge of the Pampadum Shola (“shola of the dancing snakes”) National Park, says that there is a sizable population of Nilgiri martens in the park. The marten's English common name is derived from the Nilgiri Hills that form the center of its range, but sightings have been reported as far north as Charmadi Ghat and as far south as the Neyyar and Peppara Wildlife Sanctuaries. It is mainly arboreal, but descends to the ground occasionally. Little is know about the mating system and reproductive behavior in Nilgiri martens. Overview. They are mainly arboreal but descend to the ground occasionally. [3]:6, The Nilgiri marten mainly inhabits the shola grassland and high altitude evergreen forests, and occasionally the adjacent mid-altitude moist deciduous forests and commercial plantations, that span the Western Ghats in the South Indian states of Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. Current Population Trend : Decreasing. P.U. Diagnostic. It is about 55–65 cm (22–26 in) long from head to vent and has a tail of 40–45 cm (16–18 in). Nilgiri martens are found in southern India. The Nilgiri marten is one of the largest and rarest Indian animal,with a body length of 55 to 65 Cms. Currently, this species is classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List but its numbers today are stable. It lives in the hills of the Nilgiris and parts of the Western Ghats. It has a prominent frontal concavity and is larger than the yellow-throated marten. It weighs about 2.1 kg (4.6 lb). The Nilgiri marten (Martes gwatkinsii) is the only marten species native to southern India. [11], "Mustelids, Viverrids and Herpestids of India: Species Profile and Conservation Status", "Lesser Known Carnivores of the Western Ghats", "Recent sightings and habitat characteristics of the endemic Nilgiri Marten, Photographs: Close encounters in the wild, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nilgiri_marten&oldid=986841296, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 09:38. [4][5][6][7][8][9], The Nilgiri marten is diurnal. Flying Squirrel The Nilgiri marten is deep brown from head to rump, with the forequarters being almost reddish, with a bright throat ranging in colour from yellow to orange. Nilgiri martens occur predominantly in the moist tropical rainforests of southern India at an altitudinal range of 300 to 1200 m. There have been reports of sightings in coffee, cardamom, wattle plantations, swamps, grasslands, deciduous forests, and montane-evergreen forests. They also feed on a variety of fruits and seeds. The elusive Nilgiri marten is the only marten species found in India. Nilgiri martens are diurnal creatures. Dorsum from head to rump deep brown, fore quarters of leg almost reddish; a dark stripe running along the side of the neck from behind the ear; throat pale yellowish to yellowish brown. Nilgiri martens play an important role in their ecosystem: the seeds they eat as part of their varied diet are eventually dispersed throughout the forest by way of feces. According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of Nilgiri martens is around 1,000 mature individuals. They are social and spend their time and even hunt in groups. Population Population threats. They are similar in appearance to the Yellow-throated marten but only larger and have a prominent frontal concavity. These animals also suffer from persecution because they often destruct bees-box contents.

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