I gave you a thumbs up! This universal potency is called mana. Adding to these theories of origin, the famous Karl Marx believed religion was man's attempt to deal with the difficulties of social class. In short, as humans age, they begin to see the weaknesses in their earthly fathers. Sociology was used by Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) to explain the origin of religion. In late years most of the reputable scientists of religious life have been content to eschew speculative theories of origin in favor of empirical descriptions and analyses. For example, there was Greece's Poseidon, god of the sea, or Babylon's Marduk, who controlled the winds. With the advance of time the totems (originally simply the symbol of the social group) are intellectualized and spiritualized into gods. A god figure steps in and gives humans a father in whom they can trust. They believed that religion is essentially an illusion; because culture and location influence religion to such a degree, the idea that religion presents a fundamental truth of existence seemed rather improbable to them. The particular theory of origin held by any given individual or school is important as a structure of interpretation and a possible indication of the meaning of certain beliefs and practices. courses that prepare you to earn succeed. First, humans tried to use magic to control their surroundings. Log in here for access. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Therefore, people are not religious due to their power of reason or their cognitive minds. Jessica has taught junior high history and college seminar courses. As reason refines this belief, there is a slow development toward monotheism. Quiz & Worksheet - Theories on Religion's Origin, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, What Is Religion? In general, this sociological theory of origin holds that Muller's second stage (ancestor worship) is actually the first stage of religion. This spirit allowed them to feel and communicate with humans and each other. From a completely different perspective, Freud linked the origin of religion to man's need for a father figure in whom he could trust. The most notable lapse from this attitude is among the psychiatrists and psychologists. study She has an M.A in instructional education. People will themselves to believe in religion - it is not a product of reason. The reading of the article above raised more questions than the answers I was seeking for. Spencer and his followers substantiated their theory by reference to contemporary primitive traditions and an analysis of the Hebrew Scriptures and Greek mythology. This is one of the most relevant things in human living. Many psychologists disagree with Freud's analysis, but his influence has been prodigious upon those who seek to explain the origin of religion in purely psychological terms. The prophet who had this vision of God endeavors to transmit it to the King or the society, the subjects of his kingdom. To Marx, religion stemmed from the struggle between social classes and is simply man's attempt to make living within these classes bearable. The positivists, under the leadership of men such as Emile Durkheim (1858-1917), saw religion originating in totemic rites which were designed to promote the social solidarity of a given clan or tribe. Create a poster, chart, or some other type of graphic organizer that compares and contrasts the theories on the origins of religion of Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud. Muller's nature-worship theory is closely tied to animism. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams.

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