It is the study of meaning, of the principles underlying conduct, thought and knowledge. It’s because there are different forms of knowledge, each of which has a different source. There may be some types of belief, for example religious, for which knowledge is seen to be impossible and belief itself sufficient (in its effects). This article identifies the sources from which one acquires knowledge or justified belief. Garry Young - 2017 - Synthese 194 (2):593-607. Types of cognition . But knowledge is always to be preferred to mere belief where it is possible; it is, other things being equal, the ideal form of belief. Knowledge (philosophy) In philosophy, Knowledge is usually defined as beliefs that are justified, true and actionable. This article distinguishes each of the above as a basic source of knowledge, with the exception of memory. Any description, hypothesis, concept, theory, or principle which fits this definition would be considered knowledge. I’ve been talking about the “learning styles” philosophy and why it doesn’t make sense. What is involved in the study of philosophy involves is described by the London Times in an article dealing with the 20th World Congress of Philosophy: "The great virtue of philosophy is that it teaches not what to think, but how to think. An analysis of knowledge must reflect this fact. A basic source yields knowledge or justified belief without positive dependence on another source. It distinguishes the “four standard basic sources”: perception, memory, consciousness, and reason. Knowledge How, Ability, and the Type-Token Distinction. Philosophy generally discusses propositional knowledge rather than know-how.. Nowadays it is easy to fall into error, identifying knowledge in general with knowledge only scientific (or even with what is usually considered scientific) and discarding all other types of knowledge or treating them only to the extent that they can be likened to scientific knowledge.

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